About Online Hospital Emergency Management Information System
India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters on account of its unique geo-climatic conditions. Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides are regular phenomena. India also witnessed a hitherto new natural calamity in the form of Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004. Last few decades have witnessed an increased frequency in disasters causing tremendous human casualties, in terms of loss of life and disability in addition to huge economic losses. Although these may not be totally preventable but their impact can be minimized by effective planning. Equally important are the “peripheral emergencies” like road, rail and air accidents, fire, drowning and stampedes in mass gathering, industrial accidents, explosions and terrorist attacks that have an inherent potential to convert into a mass casualty incident (MCI). The loss of life and disability are compounded by the lack of adequate medical preparedness both qualitatively and quantitatively across the country.
During times of disaster, hospitals play an integral role within the health-care system by providing essential medical care to their communities. Any incident that causes loss of infrastructure or patient surge, such as a natural disaster, terrorist act, or chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, or explosive hazard, often requires a multijurisdictional and multifunctional response and recovery effort, which must include the provision of health care. Without appropriate emergency planning, local health systems can easily become overwhelmed in attempting to provide care during a critical event. Limited resources, a surge in demand for medical services, and the disruption of communication and supply lines create a significant barrier to the provision of health care. To enhance the readiness of health facilities to cope with the challenges of a disaster, hospitals need to be prepared to initiate fundamental priority action.
Therefore, Assam State Disaster Management Authority is proposing to develop an “Online Management Information System (MIS) on Hospital Preparedness for Emergency Management” to update the necessary important information on Govt. & Private Hospitals of Guwahati City.
The Hospital Emergency Management Information System will provide two types of information viz. static information and dynamic information. The static information are the basic information’s which will be based on below mentioned Hospital emergency response checklist. On the other hand, the dynamic information will be based on parameters viz. availability of beds, blood bank information, name of the resident doctor, specialist, availability of Ambulance, Medical gas etc. updated daily by 18:00 hrs.by the hospital administration.